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Jargon informatic

In jos

Jargon informatic

Mesaj Scris de Moxy la data de Joi Mai 06 2010, 02:48

Net - The Net is a common term for the Internet.

Netiquette -
The ethical and cultural rules of using the Internet, such as not
posting advertisements to Usenet discussion groups (unless they allow
them), not posting the same message to several newsgroups, avoidance of
'shouting' in e-mails (using nothing but capital letters), avoiding
sending unsolicited e-mails, etc.

Networking - A network is
nothing more than two or more computers joined together by a cable and
software. They can then share information, like a customer database, and
peripherals, like printers and CD-ROM writers. They can share software
programs, such as work processing packages, and communicate using

Network card - A wafer-shaped piece of hardware that
enables a computer to be linked up, via cabling, to other machines in
the network.

Newsgroups - General discussion forums, rather like
global electronic blackboards, covering every subject imaginable. There
are more than 45,000 such groups.

Palmtop - A palmtop (or PDA,
personal digital assistant) is basically a computer in the form of an
electronic organiser. They are becoming increasingly powerful and can be
used as an alternative to laptops, though their keyboards and displays
are much smaller.

Password - A string of digits or characters
providing confidential authentication information.

Gateway - A system that provides online e-commerce facilities to
merchants on the Internet that links directly into a bank's financial

PC - Personal computer.

PCN (personal
communications network) - A digital network technology operated by some
of the mobile phone operators.

PDA - See palmtop.

(P2P) - One of the simplest network arrangements, involving linking a
series of computers together without the use of a server.

- A peripheral is anything that is not part of the main computer unit,
such as the keyboard, monitor or printer.

PERL ( Practical
Extraction and Reporting Language) - A popular language for web
scripting (used to create web pages and web sites). Although Perl can be
used on any system, it is usually associated with Unix/Linux.

(Hypertext Preprocessor) - A popular scripting language supported by
Unix/Linux and Windows systems.

Plug and play - A Windows option
that allows multimedia peripherals, such as a CD-ROM drive, to be
automatically recognised and set up by the operating system.

- A web site that is used to get to another site and a range of
services. Scottish-Enterprise.com is a
portal site.

POP - It
is important, when use a dial-up connection to the Internet, that you
do so though a local Point-of-Presence (POP). This means that all your
connections are charged as local rate calls. If you had to call
long-distance, your phone bill would soon mount up. Most internet
providers now charge a flat monthly fee and waive call charges (within

Portal - A website that acts as a comprehensive
information source covering a specific sector or subject, and which is
used to get to another site and a range of services.
Scottish-Enterprise.com is a portal site.

Proxy server - An
intermediary application that sits between a client and a server, and
which stores and forwards requests and information. Often used in
conjunction with a firewall to monitor Internet traffic and activity.

- A proprietary operating system is one that can only be used on one
brand of computer and uses software especially written for that system,
for instance Apple OS can only be used on Apple Macintosh computers.

- The set of rules governing the format and control of messages being
sent around a network.

RAM (Random Access Memory) - The main
memory of a computer. Upgrading the available RAM will often
dramatically improve a PC's performance. 128 MB of RAM is often standard
for new PCs, although double this figure is much better. RAM is now
very cheap.

Real Time Transaction - An Internet payment system
in which credit card details are authenticated and verified within a
matter of seconds.

Reciprocal Link - When two (or more) websites
exchange URLs by mentioning each other on their own sites.

(Read Only Memory) - Where PCs store important information that they
need to run the operating system and other software. Unlike RAM, ROM is
permanent and its contents cannot be changed, replaced or deleted.

- A scanner is a device that captures text or images from a document
for storage in a computer system. Scanners can be used to grab
photographs for desktop publishing or to store copies of incoming
letters, invoices and so on. Once you have digital copies of documents,
you can cut the amount of paper you need to store, access their contents
from anywhere on your network an, with the right software, search for
information faster and more accurately.

Script - A program which
is executed by the web server. ASP and PHP are two popular scripting
languages as they allow program instructions to be mixed with HTML.

- Pronounced 'scizzy', a SCSI (small computer system interface) port is
a specification for connecting hard disks, CD-ROMs, printers and other
devices to a computer.

Search engines - Search engine software
(on sites such as Google, Yahoo! Alta Vista or Lycos) helps you find
what you are looking for on the World Wide Web. When you type in a word
or phrase to describe what you are looking for, the search engine
matches this against its index, to offer a list of likely matches.
Getting an e-commerce site listed on the major search engines is vital
for attracting visitors and business.

Secure server - A web
server offering e-commerce facilities via a secure web site by use of
technologies such as encryption and digital certificates.

- Shareware software is distributed free, usually via the Internet. You
can use it for evaluation purposes, but are trusted to send money to
the authors if you want to use it regularly. Sometimes sending a payment
brings a more powerful version of the software, together with access to
technical support and future upgrades. For small software firms,
shareware can provide access to markets without the need to invest
heavily in marketing and distribution.

Shopping Basket - A
software system used by websites that allows visitors to place their
goods and products in an electronic shopping cart. Items can be added
and removed very easily before proceeding to the 'checkout' at the
website to pay for the goods purchased.

Signatures - When a file
is passed through a message digest, the resulting output number is
encrypted with your private key to create a digital signature. This can
then be attached to the original file so recipients can decrypt your
signature and check the message digest number to ensure the file has not
been tampered with in transit.

Software - Software is the
program, or set of instructions, that tells a computer what to do. There
are two basic types of software. The 'operating system' - such as
Windows XP - controls the basic workings of a computer, while
'application software' - such as Microsoft Word, Sun's Star Office and
Adobe Photoshop - allows you to do particular jobs. There are also other
types of software - for example, network software, which enables a
group of computers to communicate with one another, and language
software, which helps programmers to write other software.

card - A device that allows a computer to play sophisticated audio

Spam - Unsolicited email advertising which targets many
recipients simultaneously.

Spider - Search engine software that
automatically scans the Internet, collecting information as they go,
which is then indexed and stored on the search engine's query database.

- Software that allows you to store, compare and analyse large amounts
of numerical data. Spreadsheets are commonly used for budgets,
forecasting and accounts. One distinctive feature of a spreadsheet is
its ability to project possibilities and answer 'what-if?' questions.

(Secure Socket Layers) - Netscape's de facto standard for encrypting
TCP/IP applications, but used mainly for encrypting communications over
the web.

Surfing - Slang term for the process of moving around
the web. Now out of favour, because of its implications of directionless

Tags - Elements within web pages that describe how
the information in that web page should be structured and displayed.

- Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol - the fundamental
communication mechanism used on the Internet. Invented by Robert Kahn
and Vint Cerf.
Teleworking - What happens when people use technology
such as video and data conferencing to work with each other at a

Telnet - An application allowing remote login between
computers located anywhere on the Internet.

Terminal Adapter - A
device allowing data to be sent over an ISDN line, much like a
conventional modem does over a telephone line.

Topology - A
network's topology is a description of the kind of layout that has been
used to cable the computers together.

Twisted pair - Twisted
pair is a networking cabling system that uses the same kind of cabling
as ordinary phone wires.

UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) - A
system which allows computers to keep running for a limited time during a
power failure. It gives you the chance to save data before your system

URL (uniform resource locator) - is the address of a
file accessible on the Internet, such as a website address. The unique
identification of a web site or web resource, such as

Companies using EDI (electronic data interchange) usually exchange
transactions through a third party VAN (value added network). These VANs
enable their customers to send electronic messages to any number of
trading partners, whenever they choose.

Video and data
conferencing - Video and data conferencing lets you see and speak to a
customer anywhere in the world, work on documents together, present your
products or discuss new ideas. It can save fares and travel time,
improve customer relationships, allow quicker decision making and cut
time to market.

Visitors - The number of people arriving at your
website. Can be measured over an hour, day, week, month, etc.

- Voicemail is effectively a personal answering machine, which allows
callers to leave you messages that can then be stored, copied or

WAN (Wide Area Network) - WANs offer ways of linking
computers at different office sites, perhaps hundreds of miles apart, so
that they can share information and specialised peripherals.

- The web is the common shorthand term for the World Wide Web.

browser - A software program that enables someone to surf the web. The
two most common browsers are Microsoft's Internet Explorer and Netscape.

Web server - A software program that manages a web site,
fulfilling user requests, monitoring web site usage, checking access
controls, etc.

Web page - A web page is a 'page' of information -
though it can be almost any length - made available via the Internet.

- A website is an organised and structured collection of web pages. A
clear, interesting, well-planned website is the cornerstone of any
e-commerce operation.

WiFi (Wireless Fidelity) - A radio
frequency standard that is used to connect devices, such as computers,
together using a wireless connection. Instead of computers being
connected with network cables, signals are sent over radio frequencies
using wireless network cards and hubs.

World Wide Web - The web
gives you user-friendly access to millions of pages of business
information and thousands of sources of supply you never knew about
before. It also offers the opportunity to access customers and markets
you could never have hoped to reach in the past. Having your own website
lets you promote and sell your products and services to the world.
Customers can potentially look through your catalogue, place orders and
pay by credit card - all on-line, 24 hours a day. The web can also
provide cheap, effective ways to beef up your after-sales service and to
work more closely with all your trading partners.

(eXtensible Markup Language) - A modern, very flexible language that is
increasingly being used to send all kinds of data across the Internet.
XML's uses include the exchange of critical financial data, as well as
serving Web pages in a similar way to HTML.

Mesaje : 142
Data de inscriere : 18/01/2009
Varsta : 29
Localizare : Sibiu


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